We analyzed the performance of p16INK4a immunocytochemistry on a series of 810 retrospectively collected atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASC-US) and low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL) cases with available biopsy follow-up data, including 94 cases of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) 2 and 128 cases of CIN 3. Human papillomavirus (HPV) testing was performed from the same residual liquid-based cytologic specimen, and results for both tests were correlated with histologic follow-up data. Sensitivity values for high-grade CIN (HGCIN) confirmed on biopsy within 6 months were 92.6% (ASC-US) and 92.2% (LSIL) for cytotechnologists’ reviews of p16 cytology and 90.1% (ASC-US) and 95.7% (LSIL) for HPV testing. Sensitivity rates of initial pathologists’ reviews were slightly lower, 76.4% to 80.1%, with levels comparable to cytotechnologists’ results after adjudication. The specificity of p16 cytology for HGCIN detection was significantly higher than for HPV testing for cytotechnologists and pathologists: 63.2% to 71.1% (p16 cytology) vs 37.8% for HPV in ASC-US (P < .001) and 37.3% to 53.3% (p16 cytology) vs 18.5% for HPV in LSIL (P < .001). This evaluation of the diagnostic performance of p16 cytology confirms the potential of this stain for the efficient triage of ASC-US and LSIL cytologic results.
Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia
Atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance
Karin J.Denton, ChristineBergeron, PetraKlement, Marcus J.Trunk, ThomasKeller, RuedigerRidder
on behalf offor the European CINtec Cytology Study GroupAm J Clin Pathol(2010)134 (1):
12-21DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1309/AJCP3CD9YKYFJDQLFirst published online: 1 July 2010 (10 pages)