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A Double-Positive CD4+CD8+ T-Cell Population Is Commonly Found in Nodular Lymphocyte Predominant Hodgkin Lymphoma

Aliyah Rahemtullah MD, Kaaren K. Reichard MD, Frederic I. Preffer PhD, Nancy L. Harris MD, Robert P. Hasserjian MD
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1309/Y8KD32QGRYFN1XQX 805-814 First published online: 1 November 2006

Abstract

Nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin lymphoma (NLPHL) is a distinct subtype of Hodgkin lymphoma in which T-cell subsets have not been studied specifically. We reviewed 24 cases of NLPHL and compared flow cytometric results with those of 13 progressively transformed germinal centers (PTGC) cases, 78 nonspecific reactive hyperplasia (RH) cases, and 31 classical Hodgkin lymphoma (CHL) cases. A double-positive (CD4+CD8+) T-cell population was present in 58% of NLPHL cases, constituting 10% to 38% of T cells. The cells were CD3+, CD5+, CD2+, CD7+, CD1a– and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase–. Similar CD4+CD8+ T cells were identified in 38% of PTGC cases (P = .31), 4% of RH specimens (P < .00001), and 6% of CHL specimens (P < .0001). The presence of a CD4+CD8+ T-cell population in NLPHL may reflect an activated or reactive T-cell subset and should not lead to a misdiagnosis of T-cell lymphoma. This population may be a clue to the diagnosis of NLPHL, particularly in cases with limited tissue.

Key Words:
  • Hematopathology
  • Nodular lymphocyte predominant
  • Hodgkin lymphoma
  • Flow cytometry
  • T cell
  • Double positive
  • CD4
  • CD8
  • Fine-needle aspiration
  • Cytology