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Small Colonic Microsatellite Unstable Adenocarcinomas and High-Grade Epithelial Dysplasias in Sessile Serrated Adenoma Polypectomy Specimens
A Study of Eight Cases

Neal S. Goldstein MD
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1309/V8Q9KDD5AJ9LNBAG 132-145 First published online: 1 January 2006

Abstract

Eight sessile serrated adenoma (SSA), right colon polypectomies with focal invasive adenocarcinoma or high-grade dysplasia were studied to identify features indicating a high risk of transformation and characterize the morphologic features of serrated dysplasia; 6 cases had invasive adenocarcinoma; 2 were high-grade dysplasia. All 8 were microsatellite unstable-high and had absent hMLH1 nuclear immunoreactivity. The mean patient age at polypectomy was 69.5 years (range, 57.1–83.9 years). Mean polyp maximum dimension was 8.5 mm (range, 6–12 mm). The majority of each polyp was nonmalignant SSA. All 8 cases had an abrupt transition from benign to high-grade in situ or invasive malignancy. In the 6 invasive adenocarcinomas, the neoplasm extended directly down into the submucosa without lateral intramucosal spread. The mean maximum dimension of the invasive adenocarcinoma was 2.9 mm (range, 2–4 mm). All 8 cases had high-grade serrated-type dysplasia. The nonmalignant SSAs had marked expansion of the proliferative zone. Crypts adjacent to malignancy had moderately enlarged nuclei, irregular nuclear membranes, and overly prominent nucleoli. SSA crypts were lined by a variety of gastric-type cells; no cell type predominated. Foci of adjacent crypts had similar cytologic features. Small proximal SSAs can transform into adenocarcinoma without a component of adenomatous dysplasia.

Key Words:
  • Serrated adenoma
  • Sessile
  • Colon
  • Polyp
  • Microsatellite instability