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CD163
A Specific Marker of Macrophages in Paraffin-Embedded Tissue Samples

Sean K. Lau MD, Peiguo G. Chu MD, PhD, Lawrence M. Weiss MD
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1309/QHD6YFN81KQXUUH6 794-801 First published online: 1 November 2004

Abstract

Paraffin-section immunohistochemical analysis was performed using a monoclonal antibody against CD163 to evaluate the antibody’s usefulness in identifying cells of monocyte/macrophage lineage in normal and neoplastic conditions. Normal human tissue samples and samples from 211 hematopoietic disorders and 115 nonhematopoietic neoplasms were examined. The distribution of KP1 and PG-M1, monoclonal antibodies to the macrophage-associated CD68 antigen, also were evaluated for comparison. CD163 immunoreactivity was observed in resident macrophages of all normal tissue samples except splenic white pulp macrophages and germinal center tingible body macrophages. Among hematopoietic disorders and nonhematopoietic neoplasms, CD163 expression was restricted largely to cases of chronic myelomonocytic leukemia, histiocytic sarcoma, sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy, and littoral cell angioma. Acute myeloid leukemias (AMLs) with monocytic differentiation were CD163– with the exception of 1 case of acute monoblastic leukemia. Most myeloid sarcomas also were CD163–. Compared with the CD68 antibodies, CD163 demonstrated greater specificity as a marker of disorders of monocyte/macrophage origin. However, immunohistochemical evaluation of CD163 expression does not seem to be a sensitive means of determining monocytic differentiation in AMLs in paraffin sections or establishing a diagnosis of myeloid sarcoma.

Key Words:
  • CD163
  • CD68
  • KP1
  • PG-M1
  • Monocyte
  • Macrophage
  • Histiocyte
  • Immunohistochemistry