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Expression of Caveolin-1 and Caveolin-2 in Urothelial Carcinoma of the Urinary Bladder Correlates With Tumor Grade and Squamous Differentiation

Andrew Fong MD, Ediberto Garcia MS, Lucas Gwynn MD, Michael P. Lisanti MD, PhD, Melissa J. Fazzari MS, Maomi Li MD, PhD
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1309/292NHAYNWAVREJ37 93-100 First published online: 1 July 2003


We immunohistochemically evaluated 94 cases of urothelial carcinoma (UC) of the urinary bladder for the expression of caveolin (Cav)-1 and Cav-2. Neither benign urothelium present in 22 cases nor flat carcinoma in situ present in 10 cases stained for Cav-1 or Cav-2. Thirty-five (37%) of 94 cases and 45 (51%) of 89 cases of UC stained positively for Cav-1 and Cav-2, respectively. The percentages of positive cases for Cav-1 in grades 1, 2, and 3 tumors were 0% (0/6), 0% (0/25), and 56% (35/63), respectively (P < .001), and for Cav-2, 0% (0/6), 13% (3/23), and 70% (42/60), respectively (P < .001). Multivariate analysis showed no significant correlation between tumor stage and Cav-1 or Cav-2 expression after correction for tumor grade. Eighty-two percent (14/17) of cases with squamous differentiation were positive for Cav-1 compared with 43% (20/46) of grade 3 tumors without squamous differentiation (P < .001). These results indicate a positive correlation of the expression of Cav-1 and Cav-2 with tumor grade and squamous features of UC and suggest that Cav-1 and Cav-2 be studied further for a possible role in tumor progression and squamous differentiation.

Key Words:
  • Caveolin
  • Urothelial carcinoma
  • Urinary bladder
  • Carcinogenesis