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Detection of Chromosome 11q13 Breakpoints by Interphase Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization
A Useful Ancillary Method for the Diagnosis of Mantle Cell Lymphoma

Ruth L. Katz MD, Nancy P. Caraway MD, Jun Gu MD, Feng Jiang MD, Lori A. Pasco-Miller MT, Armand B. Glassman MD, Rajyalakshmi Luthra PhD, Kimberly J. Hayes CLSP(CG), Jorge E. Romaguera MD, Fernando F. Cabanillas MD, L. Jeffrey Medeiros MD
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1309/69EJ-RFM5-E976-BUTP 248-257 First published online: 1 August 2000

Abstract

We assessed cytologic specimens from 11 mantle cell lymphomas (MCLs) and 32 other B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHLs) for 11q13 breakpoints using a 2-color fluorescence in situ hybridization(FISH) assay that uses an 11q13 probe centered on theCCND1 gene and a centromeric chromosome 11 probe(CEP11). The number of nuclei in 200 cells were counted, and results were expressed as an 11q13/CEP11 ratio. All MCLs showed a high percentage of interphase nuclei with 3 or more 11q13 signals (mean, 74.8%; range 57%–90%). In contrast, in other B-cell NHLs the mean percentage of cells with 3 or more11q13 signals was 9.2%. All MCLs had an elevated11q13/CEP11 ratio (mean, 1.38). The mean ratio for other B-cell NHLs was 0.99. Two non-MCL cases, 1large B-cell and 1 B-cell unclassified NHL, had high11q13/CEP11 ratios of 1.15 and 1.30, respectively. Conventional cytogenetic analysis performed on the former case revealed a t(5;11)(q31;q13). Interphase FISH analysis using 11q13 and CEP11 probes is a convenient ancillary method for assisting in the diagnosis of MCL. This commercially available assay is simple to use on cytology or imprint specimens, and results can be obtained within 24 hours.

Key Words:
  • Mantle cell lymphoma
  • Fluorescence in situ hybridization
  • Chromosome 11q13
  • Cyclin D1