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Mucocele of the Appendix Secondary to Endometriosis
Report of Two Cases, One With Localized Pseudomyxoma Peritonei

David K. Driman MBChB, FRCPC, Douglas E. Melega MD, FRCPC, George A. Vilos MD, FRCSC, E. Arthur Plewes MD, FRCSC
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1309/EUTL-BC88-TLAX-1UJ4 860-864 First published online: 1 June 2000

Abstract

This report documents 2 cases of obstructive mucocele of the appendix secondary to endometriosis of the appendix. In 1 case, the tip of the mucocele was ruptured and associated with localized pseudomyxoma peritonei. Mucoceles of the appendix usually are associated with hyperplastic or neoplastic mucosal proliferation; obstruction, particularly that due to endometriosis, is an infrequent cause. Occurrence of localized pseudomyxoma peritonei associated with appendiceal endometriosis and mucocele has not been reported previously.

Key Words:
  • Mucocele
  • Endometriosis
  • Appendix